information revolution provided by communication,
the most effective way of sharing scientific and
technological knowledge and experiences is through
symposia and conferences. In this modern era, there
is a realization of synchronization with the
fast-growing technologies as well as the
identification of allied areas for the country
needs. This led to the idea of holding a series of
conferences, addressing the contemporary research
areas what is known as the International Bhurban
Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (IBCAST).
This effort was not only to promote the latest
trends in the research and applications but also to
make it accessible to those in need for industrial
and economic growth of the country
Starting from the year 2002, the IBCAST is being
held consecutively for the past decade in the
vicinity of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.
Until the year 2005, four technological areas
namely; Advanced Materials, Control Engineering,
Computational Fluid Dynamics and Wireless
Communication & Radar were covered. Afterwards, two
more research areas - UnderwaterAcoustics and
Medical Sciences were included. So far more than
5000 scientists and engineers have participated from
Pakistaniand foreign universities as well as
scientific organizations with around 1200 research
papers having been presented. The proceedings of the
conference are published and catalogued in renowned
international journals on yearly basis. So far 8
conferences have been successfully organized by the
CESAT, Islamabad, which is a setup of Centers of
Excellence on Science and Technology of the country
with the research activities being in-line with the
To enable the horizon of this conference to touch
new heights, IBCAST has formed associations with
universities from China, Hong Kong and Turkey. In
the year 2010, IBCAST took place in collaboration
with Nanjing University of Aeronautics and
Astronautics, Nanjing and Northwestern Polytechnical
University, Xi'an. This year more than 40 foreigners
are expected to attend as a result of the
achievements of the pervious conference.
This conference has successfully provided a
platform for bringing together the researchers from
the advanced and developing countries to discuss the
research problems with reference to the development
needs of this part of the world. Every year the IBCAST technical programme aims at appropriate
selection of the topics both at the frontiers of
knowledge and their applications.
The 11th IBCAST will
consist of the following six activities:
Control & Signal Processing
Wireless Communication & Radar
The development of humans over the millenniums is gauged and represented by the type of materials being used by them. Metals have dominated as the best structural materials for engineering applications ever since industrial revolution. The material scientists of present era, however, are forced to think about smart uses of the metals. In parallel they have to work on development of alternate materials, as the planet's metal resources are depleting every day because of extensive industrialization. The need for new materials has revolutionized the research on synthetic materials, especially polymers and polymer based composites. In the last two to three decades, with the breakthrough in understanding of the properties of the materials at nano-level, another dimension has been added to these researches. Applications of metals or non-metals to polymers or polymeric composites, as nano-additives or coatings, have significantly improved both their structural and functional properties. As a consequence, we are now looking at entirely a new range of products with much higher mechanical properties and unique set of functionalities.
The Advance Material Chapter of 11 th IBCAST Conference will provide a forum to scientists and engineers to discuss about the recent development and cutting-edge applications of polymers and polymer based composites and nanocomposites for high performance industries. Knowledge about various processing methods and techniques, design and analyses of Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRPs), and sandwich structures will also be shared. Applications of nanotechnology for improving mechanical and functional properties of the neat polymers or their uses for adding a functional characteristic, such as fire retardancy, moisture susceptibility or resistance to electromagnetic radiations, to FRPs and sandwich structures will be covered as well. The scopes of the conference are;
- Design, analyses and processing of composites
- Advance polymers; processing and applications
- Sandwich structures; design, fabrication and failure analysis
- Nano-materials and nanotechnology for functional and structural applications
- Specially coatings, alloys and novel materials
Control engineering is the science of manipulating engineering systems for optimal performance in real-operating environments. Control engineers are concerned with mathematical modeling, simulation, design and implementation. The field is, therefore, multi-disciplinary and covers a range of technologies. Control systems are seen at work in small and simple household appliances, large-scale industrial plants such as steel rolling mills and refineries, very sophisticated and complex systems such as aircraft, nuclear reactors and satellites. Control systems technology has thus driven the engineers to operate their systems at the peak of their performance without compromising on system stability or integrity. Furthermore, new developments in simulation techniques have helped in the application of innovative control algorithms. The advent of cheap but high performance microprocessors has added a new dimension to the capability of control systems. Efficient digital controllers have alleviated the need for expensive instrumentation and costly components, contributing towards cheaper but quality products and performance.
The importance of Signal Processing in the engineering domain cannot be over emphasized. With new generation computer technology and configurable integrated circuits, powerful algorithms can be implemented in real time and used in various contemporary fields such as telecommunications, image, video and audio processing, sonars, biomedicine, seismology and computer vision.
In this conference; technical papers are sought on the latest developments in control and signal processing technologies. Papers of interest include those that describe theory, analytical techniques, applications, and technological developments. Topics expected to be covered in this activity are:
- Control Theory Analysis and Design
- Intelligent & Autonomous Control
- Multi-sensor Data Fusion, Tracking and Control
- Autonomous and Unmanned Systems
- Aerospace Guidance and Control
- Mission Control and Operations
- Diagnostics and Fault-Tolerant Control Systems Design
- Simulation as an Engineering Design Tool
- Distributed Simulation Technologies
- Hardware in the Loop Simulation
- Launch and Orbital Systems and Simulation
- Artificial Intelligence Simulation Techniques and Applications
- Monte Carlo Simulation Techniques and Applications
- Self-Organizing Adaptive Simulations
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems
- Training and Motion Simulators
- DSP Algorithms
- Image and Multi-dimensional (video) Signal Processing
- Pattern Recognition
- Computer/Machine Vision
- Neural Networks
- Process Monitoring
- Statistical Signal Processing
- DSP on Generic Reconfigurable Fabric (e.g. FPGAs)
- Efficient Implementation of DSP Algorithms on Embedded Systems
- ASIC Implementation of DSP Algorithms
- Real time Operating Systems issues regarding DSP Algorithms
Special Topic: GNSS, Application and Integrated Navigation
This year special session on the global satellite navigation system (GNSS) applications and integrated solutions is planned. Papers covering following topics are invited for this session:
- Multi-GNSS Receiver Architectures
- Differential GNSS and Augmentation Systems
- Precise Point Positioning; Methods, performance and application
- GNSS/INS integration, Algorithms, Issues and innovations
- GNSS Simulation Systems Role, Theory and Design
- GNSS Data Analysis Software's and Applications
Fluid dynamics (FD) activity encompasses principally all the spheres related with the applied fluid dynamics. The main theme is to encourage all the relevant novel ideas and research work carried out numerically and through experiments. The application areas include flows inspired from nature (birds with flapping wings, atmospheric flows etc.) and flow analysis around various crafted aerodynamic objects. It also covers the flow analysis carried out in automotive, civil, defense and process industries etc.
Information about the physics of the flow can be obtained from measurements in experimental test facilities or from flow visualization studies.
However, there are some limitations and a full picture of flow fields is often hard to obtain from experimental studies. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a core research front in fluid dynamics. It is a technique to model and analyze fluid flow using a computer simulation. Due to the growth of powerful computers and the development of general-purpose software packages, CFD techniques can be applied to solve industrial flow problems especially in complex flow situations of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics.
The IBCAST will provide an opportunity to the local and foreign researchers to benefit from mutual exchange of ideas, discuss their queries and problems with the experts and to explore the new avenues in active research fronts.
The broader scope of the present IBCAST, FD - 2014, session is to cover the following areas:
- Gas Dynamics
- Industrial and Environmental Fluid Dynamics
- Fluid Structure interactions
- Turbulence Modeling
- Experimental Fluid Dynamics
- Multiphase flows
- Reactive flows
- Heat Transfer
- Thermal Hydraulics
Many of the modern day engineering devices owe their existence to some derivative of electromagnetics and microwave engineering. Radio sets & radio broadcasting, televisions & real time video transmission through satellites, speed monitoring radars to space borne imaging radars, sophisticated avionics to what has become a necessity of contemporary times, cellular communications all stem from advancement in microwave engineering.
Historically, it was the advancement in radar development during second world war that substantiated the potential of microwave engineering. As the products evolved through the corridors of time, technologies associated with this sphere of engineering became pivotal in imparting cutting edge to numerous military and civilian use equipment.
The Wireless Communications and Radars Activity of IBCAST focuses on the two prime domains of microwave engineering. As both wireless communications and radars embody a multitude of engineering technologies, an endeavor is made to provide due coverage to all. Namely microwave devices and circuit design, antenna design, Radar/Baseband signal processing.
Original work broadly in the areas appended below would be solicited. In recent past radar principles and wireless technology has ingressed boundaries of electro medical devices and this topic has now been included in the scope of WCR activity.
Another salient feature of this year's activity is a special session on Radio-imaging . This special session will cover both active and passive imaging such as mm-wave and THz imaging . Research papers covering system design, associated technologies and data acquisition and post-processing algorithms related to radar imaging will be prime focus of this session.
||Wireless Communication Topics
|Synthetic Aperture Radars
||Software defined Radios
|Ultra Wide Band
|Radar Performance Modeling / Measurement
||Emerging Wireless Mobile Applications
||Network Centric Warfare
||Channel / Interference Modeling
|RF / Microwave Circuit Design
||Mobile Intelligent Networks
|Reconfigurable Front Ends
|| Data Fusion
|Phased Array Systems
|| Device Modeling
|Computational Electromagnetics Techniques for radar / communication systems simulation
|| Use of wireless technologies in electro
|Milimeter Wave and Terahertz Imaging Topics
|Milimeter Wave Imaging Systems
|THz generation/sensing techniques
|Focal Plane Array for THz imaging
|Design and application of photonics crystal fiber in THz region
|Digital Image Processing Algorithms
Ocean is alive with noise and approximately 71% of the earth surface is covered by the ocean. The advancement and research in underwater technologies has direct impact on human endeavor to explore the nature. The field of underwater technologies spans over a wide range which includes ocean vehicles, underwater communications, sonar systems, oceanography and has ever increasing role in defense applications. Research areas like marine life preservation, seafloor geological resources and marine pollution hazards etc are of significant importance for Pakistan which has more than 1000kms of coastline.
The Underwater Technologies chapter of IBCAST provides opportunities for spread of information, exchange of knowledge and novel ideas among the practitioners of various fields of underwater technologies.
The Underwater Technologies chapter of the 11 th IBCAST - 2014 invites contributions in
a. Underwater Communication
Acoustic telemetry and communication
Channel Physics and Ocean dynamics
Radio Frequency Communications
Modem Architecture and Software Defined Modems
b. Sonar Signal/Image Processing and Sensors
Array Signal Processing and Array Design
Detection, Classification and Localization
High Resolution Spectral Analysis
Synthetic Aperture Sonar (Active and Passive)
Sonar Imaging and Displays
Transducer Arrays & Materials
c. Ocean Vehicles
Vehicle Navigation and Positioning
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs)
Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs)
d. Marine Science
Marine Renewable Energy
Marine Geology and Mineral Resources
The evolution of Medicine is an on going process and a reflection, in the true sense, of the improvements in human reasoning and objectivity. From the reflex and intuitive efforts of a cave-man to conserve life in the face of physical injury and disease through Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, to today in the era of great technologies, such rapid advances have occurred, especially in the last two to three decades that, it is difficult to keep pace with all of them.
An array of drugs to deal with infections (Penicillin, the only positive outcome from the 2nd World War) and other diseases, research in mental health issues, pill endoscopy in gastroenterology and organ transplants with increasing number of organs on the list, are a few of the mind boggling examples.
Diagnostic services such as Computerized Axial Tomography Scan (CAT Scan) has itself made great strides with new technologies like 64-slice CT scan, FLAIR, Diffusion scanning and much more coming up rapidly. Meanwhile Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technologies, DNA analysis and genetic testing, has given new dimensions and opened up horizons in Diagnostics as well as therapeutics.
Fruits of ongoing research and development such as artificial blood & artificial skin, have traveled from laboratory to market shelf and an array of artificial organs are in the pipeline of research. Most recent hot and controversial topic of today is stem cell research with many proponents and opponents, this field has the potential to fulfill the wildest of our dreams when it comes to rehabilitation of the handicapped.
The main responsibility of the medical professionals in today's times is to keep abreast of all this knowledge and technology, and adopt evidence based medicine. For those in research it is imperative that they strike a balance between the science and the needs of the ailing humanity.
Biomedical science is a very vast field which covers basic to translational research in a wide range of fields like from molecular microbiology to medicine. The basic difference between biomedical sciences and medical sciences lie on the focus of the study. Medical sciences focus on the human and factors that affect the normal function of the human body. Biomedical science, on the other hand, centers on the biological factors that affect the human. These biological factors also include the disease causing agents. And effective response to an infectious disease outbreak critically depends upon using rapid and correct technique, because every analytical technique has its own strengths and weaknesses. Therefore analytical techniques now termed as "Biodetection", being used all over the world are continuously evolving. Thus, it is important to recognize that technologies for environmental molecular microbiology must be as flexible and up to date as the environmental systems, samples and organisms themselves.
The objective of the Biosciences module of 11 th IBCAST Conference is to bring together the biodetection community to begin a process of addressing the many shortfalls and requirements for biodetection from the bench to data analysis. By a balanced approach of lectures, not only a general background will be provided but also the cutting edge research techniques will be elucidated. It will also provide a platform for academics, experts, and researchers to share their experience and to exchange novel ideas in the domain of biodetection. Main theme of the activity is;
Microbial bio-detection: A step towards unbiased detection and identification