information revolution provided by communication,
the most effective way of sharing scientific and
technological knowledge and experiences is through
symposia and conferences. In this modern era, there
is a realization of synchronization with the
fast-growing technologies as well as the
identification of allied areas for the country
needs. This led to the idea of holding a series of
conferences, addressing the contemporary research
areas what is known as the International Bhurban
Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (IBCAST).
This effort was not only to promote the latest
trends in the research and applications but also to
make it accessible to those in need for industrial
and economic growth of the country
Starting from the year 2002, the IBCAST is being
held consecutively for the past decade in the
vicinity of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.
Until the year 2005, four technological areas
namely; Advanced Materials, Control Engineering,
Computational Fluid Dynamics and Wireless
Communication & Radar were covered. Afterwards, two
more research areas - UnderwaterAcoustics and
Medical Sciences were included. So far more than
5000 scientists and engineers have participated from
Pakistaniand foreign universities as well as
scientific organizations with around 1200 research
papers having been presented. The proceedings of the
conference are published and catalogued in renowned
international journals on yearly basis. So far 8
conferences have been successfully organized by the
CESAT, Islamabad, which is a setup of Centers of
Excellence on Science and Technology of the country
with the research activities being in-line with the
To enable the horizon of this conference to touch
new heights, IBCAST has formed associations with
universities from China, Hong Kong and Turkey. In
the year 2010, IBCAST took place in collaboration
with Nanjing University of Aeronautics and
Astronautics, Nanjing and Northwestern Polytechnical
University, Xi'an. This year more than 40 foreigners
are expected to attend as a result of the
achievements of the pervious conference.
This conference has successfully provided a
platform for bringing together the researchers from
the advanced and developing countries to discuss the
research problems with reference to the development
needs of this part of the world. Every year the IBCAST technical programme aims at appropriate
selection of the topics both at the frontiers of
knowledge and their applications.
The 11th IBCAST will
consist of the following six activities:
Control & Signal Processing
Wireless Communication & Radar
The development of humans over the millenniums is gauged and represented by the type of materials being used by them. Metals have dominated as the best structural materials for engineering applications ever since industrial revolution. The material scientists of present era, however, are forced to think about smart uses of the metals. In parallel they have to work on development of alternate materials, as the planet's metal resources are depleting every day because of extensive industrialization. The need for new materials has revolutionized the research on synthetic materials, especially polymers and polymer based composites. In the last two to three decades, with the breakthrough in understanding of the properties of the materials at nano-level, another dimension has been added to these researches. Applications of metals or non-metals to polymers or polymeric composites, as nano-additives or coatings, have significantly improved both their structural and functional properties. As a consequence, we are now looking at entirely a new range of products with much higher mechanical properties and unique set of functionalities.
The Advance Material Chapter of 11 th IBCAST Conference will provide a forum to scientists and engineers to discuss about the recent development and cutting-edge applications of polymers and polymer based composites and nanocomposites for high performance industries. Knowledge about various processing methods and techniques, design and analyses of Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRPs), and sandwich structures will also be shared. Applications of nanotechnology for improving mechanical and functional properties of the neat polymers or their uses for adding a functional characteristic, such as fire retardancy, moisture susceptibility or resistance to electromagnetic radiations, to FRPs and sandwich structures will be covered as well. The scopes of the conference are;
- Design, analyses and processing of composites
- Advance polymers; processing and applications
- Sandwich structures; design, fabrication and failure analysis
- Nano-materials and nanotechnology for functional and structural applications
- Specially coatings, alloys and novel materials
Control engineering is the science of manipulating engineering systems for optimal performance in real-operating environments. Contro l engineers are concerned with mathematical modeling, simulation, design and implementation. The field is, therefore, multi-disciplinary and covers a range of technologies. Control systems are seen at work in small and simple household appliances, large-scale industrial plants such as steel rolling mills and refineries, very sophisticated and complex systems such as aircraft, nuclear reactors and satellites. Control systems technology has thus driven the engineers to operate their systems at the peak of their performance without compromising on system stability or integrity. Furthermore, new developments in simulation techniques have helped in the application of innovative control algorithms. The advent of cheap but high performance microprocessors has added a new dimension to the capability of control systems. Efficient digital controllers have alleviated the need for expensive instrumentation and costly components, contributing towards cheaper but qu ali ty products and performance.
The importance of Signal Processing in the engineering domain cannot be over emphasized. With new generation computer technology and configurable integrated circuits, powerful algorithms can be implemented in real time and used in various contemporary fields such as telecommunications, image, video and audio processing, sonars, biomedicine, seismology and computer vision.
In this conference; technical papers are sought on the latest developments in control and signal processing technologies. Papers of interest include those that describe theory, analytical techniques, applications, and technological developments. Topics expected to be covered in this activity are:
- Control Theory Analysis and Design
- Dynamic System Modeling & Analysis
- System Identification & Linearization
- Intelligent & Autonomous Control
- Multi-sensor Data Fusion, Tracking and Control
- Autonomous and Unmanned Systems
- Guidance and Control
- Mission Control and Operations
- Automotive Control, Estimation & Control
- Fault-Tolerant Control Systems Design
- Simulation as an Engineering Design Tool
- Distributed Simulation Technologies
- Hardware in the Loop Simulation
- Launch and Orbital Systems and Simulation
- Artificial Intelligence Simulation Techniques and Applications
- Monte Carlo Simulation Techniques
- DSP Algorithms
- Image video Processing
- Signal Processing
- Hyperspectral Image Processing
- Pattern Recognition
- Computer/Machine Vision
- Machine Learning
- Process Monitoring
- Statistical Signal Processing
- DSP on Generic Reconfigurable Fabric (e.g. FPGAs)
- Efficient Implementation of DSP
- Algorithms on Embedded Systems
- ASIC Implementation of DSP Algorithms
- Real time Operating Systems issues regarding DSP Algorithms
Fluid dynamics (FD) activity encompasses principally all the spheres related with the applied fluid dynamics. The main theme is to encourage all the relevant novel ideas and research work carried out numerically and through experiments. The application areas include flows inspired from nature (birds with flapping wings, atmospheric flows, hydrodynamics flows etc.) and flow analysis around various crafted aerodynamic objects. It also covers the flow analysis carried out in automotive, civil, defense and process industries etc.
Information about the physics of the flow can be obtained from measurements in experimental test facilities or from flow visualization studies.
However, there are some limitations and a full picture of flow fields is often hard to obtain from experimental studies. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is one core research front in fluid dynamics. It is a technique to model and analyze fluid flow using a computer simulation. Due to the growth of powerful computers and the development of general-purpose software packages, CFD techniques can be applied to solve industrial flow problems especially in complex flow situations of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics.
The IBCAST will provide an opportunity to the local and foreign researchers to benefit from mutual exchange of ideas, discuss their queries and problems with the experts and to explore the new avenues in active research fronts.
The broader scope of the present IBCAST, FD – 2015, session is to cover the following areas:
- Gas Dynamics
- Industrial and Environmental Fluid Dynamics
- Fluid Structure interactions
- Turbulence Modeling
- Experimental Fluid Dynamics
- Multiphase flows
- Reactive flows
- Heat Transfer
- Thermal Hydraulics
Many of the modern day engineering devices owe their existence to some derivative of electromagnetics and microwave engineering. Radio sets & radio broadcasting, televisions & real time video transmission through satellites, speed monitoring radars to space borne imaging radars, sophisticated avionics to what has become a necessity of contemporary times, cellular communications all stem from advancement in microwave engineering.
Historically, it was the advancement in radar development during second world war that substantiated the potential of microwave engineering. As the products evolved through the corridors of time, technologies associated with this sphere of engineering became pivotal in imparting cutting edge to numerous military and civilian use equipment.
The Wireless Communications and Radars Activity of IBCAST focuses on the two prime domains of microwave engineering. As both wireless communications and radars embody a multitude of engineering technologies, an endeavor is made to provide due coverage to all. Namely microwave devices and circuit design, antenna design, Radar/Baseband signal processing.
Original work broadly in the areas appended below would be solicited. In recent past radar principles and wireless technology has ingressed boundaries of electro medical devices and this topic has now been included in the scope of WCR activity.
Another salient feature of this year's activity is a special session on Radio-imaging . This special session will cover both active and passive imaging such as mm-wave and THz imaging . Research papers covering system design, associated technologies and data acquisition and post-processing algorithms related to radar imaging will be prime focus of this session.
||Wireless Communication Topics
|Synthetic Aperture Radars
||Software defined Radios
|Ultra Wide Band
|Radar Performance Modeling / Measurement
||Emerging Wireless Mobile Applications
||Network Centric Warfare
||Channel / Interference Modeling
|RF / Microwave Circuit Design
||Mobile Intelligent Networks
|Reconfigurable Front Ends
|| Data Fusion
|Phased Array Systems
|| Device Modeling
|Computational Electromagnetics Techniques for radar / communication systems simulation
|| Use of wireless technologies in electro
|Milimeter Wave and Terahertz Imaging Topics
|Milimeter Wave Imaging Systems
|THz generation/sensing techniques
|Focal Plane Array for THz imaging
|Design and application of photonics crystal fiber in THz region
|Digital Image Processing Algorithms
Ocean is alive with noise and approximately 71% of the earth surface is covered by the ocean. The advancement and research in underwater technologies has direct impact on human endeavor to explore the nature. The field of underwater technologies spans over a wide range which includes ocean vehicles, underwater communications, sonar systems, oceanography and has ever increasing role in defense applications. Research areas like marine life preservation, seafloor geological resources and marine pollution hazards etc are of significant importance for Pakistan which has more than 1000kms of coastline.
The Underwater Technologies chapter of IBCAST provides opportunities for spread of information, exchange of knowledge and novel ideas among the practitioners of various fields of underwater technologies.
The Underwater Technologies chapter of the 12 th IBCAST - 2015 invites contributions in
a. Underwater Communication
Acoustic telemetry and communication
Channel Physics and Ocean dynamics
Radio Frequency Communications
Modem Architecture and Software Defined Modems
b. Sonar Signal/Image Processing and Sensors
Array Signal Processing and Array Design
Detection, Classification and Localization
High Resolution Spectral Analysis
Synthetic Aperture Sonar (Active and Passive)
Sonar Imaging and Displays
Transducer Arrays & Materials
c. Ocean Vehicles
Vehicle Navigation and Positioning
Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs)
Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs)
d. Marine Science
Marine Renewable Energy
Marine Geology and Mineral Resources
Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.
Obesity is contributing to more than 17 million deaths every year. More than 1 billion people worldwide are overweight and that, under current trends, the number will increase to 1.5 billion by 2015. The rapid increase of overweight and obesity in many low- and middle-income countries foretells an overwhelming chronic disease burden in these countries in the next 10 to 20 years as reported by United Nations World Health Organization (WHO).
Bariatric surgery has emerged world wide as a ray of hope for people in whom efforts to lose weight with diet and exercise have been unsuccessful, Body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher (extreme obesity), BMI is 35 to 39.9 (obesity) complicated by a serious weight-related health problem such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.
These alarming facts have been our motivation this year for considering Bariatric surgery as the point of focus.
It is our esteemed privilege to be the pioneers in holding Pakistan's 1 st workshop on Laparoscopic Bariatric surgery and single incision Laparoscopic surgery. As always this endeavor to bring cutting edge latest technology to Pakistan has been capped by IBCAST (Medical sciences).
1- Course 1
Basic techniques in laparoscopic approach to bariatric surgery.
- Selection of Patients & Pre-Op Workup.
- OR Setup for Obese Patients
- Adjustable Gastric Bands (Indication, Technique, Videos )
- Sleeve Gastrectomy (Indication, Technique, Videos )
- Gastric Bypass (Indication, Technique, Videos
- Mini Gastric Bypass (Indication, Technique, Videos
- Bilio Pancreatic Diversion (BPD) ( Rationale & Techniques)
- Plication (Indication, Technique, Videos
- Single Incision Bariatric Surgery (Indication & Techniques)
- How to Avoid Complications in Bariatric Surgery
2- Course 2
Workshop on Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery(SILS).
An advance level workshop for trained laparoscopic surgeons.
- Status of Single Port Op.
- SILS Products & Interventions
- Video Presentations
3- Live video conferencing with Istanbul University
Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty
4- Workshop on Intervention Radiology (ultrasound guided procedures)
Biomedical Science is the study of the life sciences. It forms the basis of medicine and related fields including, scientific laboratory based knowledge and understanding to support the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The field encompasses areas such as bacteriology, virology, molecular genetics, structural biology, microbial pathogenesis and biodefense etc. The basic difference between biomedical sciences and medical sciences is that generally medical doctor treats patients while biomedical scientist works in a laboratory doing research and development, and finding the root causes of diseases e.g. cancer, diabetes, blood disorders, anemia, meningitis, hepatitis and AIDS just to name a few. Among aforementioned diseases, infectious diseases are of utmost concern. There is a rich contemporary literature regarding the burden of endemics and epidemics of age-old threats, the emerging new pathogens, drug resistance and the phenomenon of reemerging microbial threats, in addition, biological terrorism remains a clear and present danger. Beyond the personal impact on individuals suffering from infection, disease has societal impact: it can destabilize social institutions, populations, economies, and governments. For this reason, infectious disease is both a national and an international security issue.
In Pakistan organizations like Aga Khan Hospital, Karachi and National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad, are working on infectious diseases surveillance via Disease Early Warning Systems (DEWS) and according to their reports, diseases resulting from new emerging pathogens, have significantly increased over the past few decades. This is possibly as a result of alterations in various environmental, biological, socioeconomic, and political factors.
Trends in globalization, including expansion in international travel and trade, have also extended the reach and increased the pace at which infectious diseases spread, prompting the need for more rapid outbreak detection and biosurveillance to minimize the burden on global health and the economy. Biosurveillance aims to detect and characterize early possible changes in health-related patterns to provide both early warning of infectious disease events and situational awareness.
Biosurveillance activities range from standard epidemiological practices to advance technological systems, utilizing complex algorithms. This system enables us to rapidly detect and identify the high risk infectious diseases and to timely treat or prevent further spread of the disease with apt administration of appropriate antibiotics, antiserum, vaccination, and/or prophylaxis following exposure.
Keeping in view the current scenario the theme of forthcoming IBCAST-BMS is;
Emerging Infectious Diseases and Biosurveillance